Monday, June 29, 2020

The Role of Love in Platos Symposium - Literature Essay Samples

Life is filled with dualities and opposing figures: love and hatred, light and dark, male and female, life and death. Aristophanes addresses a duality in the context of love in Plato’s The Symposium. The Symposium raises the question of what love truly is and means. Aristophanes brings the idea of soulmates to the party. Aristophanes explains it through the use of a myth. This myth discusses how people came to love who they love. Aristophanes brings forth the idea of soulmates or a life time partner. The myth assists the divulging of the origins of this idea. This idea is also played out by other characters in the dialogue, concluding that while one looks for a soulmate they also must recognize that they are independent beings. Whether you are in a relationship or not you are still an independent being who makes choices and must face consequences, good or bad. The idea of love is necessary to address due to its important role in Greek society and culture. Despite there being m ultiple pleasing aspects to loving someone, the ultimate desire is to feel whole, and once someone has found their soulmate, they become a better person. Aristophanes’ speech shares this theme of love bringing gifts of goodness to the people that praise him. He chooses to explain to the group why humans desire one another so strongly. He uses a myth as the back bone of his speech. The myth is used to explain the meaning of eros and its origins. Aristophanes explains that there were originally three genders, male, female and androgynous. These people had four arms, four legs, two heads, two sets of genitals, these beings were double of what humans are now. Males were descendants of the sun, females of the earth and the androgynous people came from the moon, as Aristophanes describes, â€Å"†¦because the moon is a combination of sun and earth† (Plato 190b, p. 23). These beings were very powerful and threatened to attack the gods. Zeus, in order to humble these beings, decided to cut each person in two to stop these attacks (190d, p. 23). These beings longed for their original state and they began searching for their m issing half. When their other half was found they would run to each other, embrace and not long for anything else, â€Å"since their original nature had been cut in two, each one longed for its own other half and stayed with it† (191a, p. 24). This caused people to die due to hunger and lack of movement, so Zeus took pity and moved their genitals around so they could have sexual intercourse. This gave the beings something to do and also the ability to procreate, â€Å"the aim of this was that, if a man met with a woman and entwined himself with her, they would reproduce and the human race would be continued† (191c, p. 24). Aristophanes explains that this is the origin of desire for another human. â€Å"It draws the two halves of our original nature back together and tries to†¦heal the wound in human nature† (191d, p. 24). Aristophanes saying this shows the true nature of love, to improve things. When someone finds their other half, they are overwhelmed with feelings for this person. These could be feelings of love, affection, anger, concern or even sadness or jealousy. The love one feels for another makes them act in certain ways around their lover. The love between two people can make them better people, and make them feel whole, as was their original state. â€Å"The reason is that this is our original natural state and we used to be whole creatures: ‘love’ is the name for the desire and pursuit of wholeness† (192e, p. 26). The concept of soulmates is so that people can become their whole selves once again. Zeus’ threats are a reminder that eros can bring moral improvement. Aristophanes states that if humans are disobedient to the gods, Zeus might split them in two once more, so people must strive to behave according to the wishes of the gods. It is told that when humans were their whole selves they were pleasing the gods, but because of their wickedness, they were separated. So this gives humans a reason to be good if they hadn’t had a reason before. â€Å"There’s a danger that, if we aren’t well ordered in our behaviour towards the gods, we’ll be split up further†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (193a, p. 26). In the beginning of his speech Aristophanes states that people need to understand the power of love, â€Å"I think people have wholly failed to recognize the power of Love; if they’d grasped this, they’d have built the greatest temples and altars for him†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (189c, p. 22). This quotation shows that Aristophanes believes in the importance of praising eros. Along with feeling whole, the people will also prevent any future punishment from Zeus. If one lets love rule over them, they can only be good, and if they are good there can not be evil. Aristophanes urges that people should let love be their guide. If love is your leader in life, you can do nothing but good things. â€Å"†¦if we show reverence towards the gods, he will restore us to our original nature, healing us and so giving us perfect happiness† (193d, p. 27), Aristophanes is saying that if everyone found their love and returned to their natural selves that the whole world would be happier. If one praises love and is reunited with their soulmate, that feeling of wholeness will be gifted to them from the gods. The other speeches in this dialogue also echo the idea that love brings goodness. Phaedrus’ speech is described as one praising eros, â€Å"†¦saying that Love was regarded by humans and gods as a great and awesome god for many reasons, especially his origin† (178a, p. 9). Phaedrus shares that love is a god that is to be praised. Phaedrus states that if you do praise eros and worship eros you will be gifted guidance and goodness. Phaedrus’ speech introduces the idea that love brings virtuous actions to those who praise the god. By praising the god of love one receives his gifts and shares them with others. In Agathon’s speech, he describes love as the youngest god. Agathon shares that love brings peace to humans. â€Å"So, in the case of Love, the right thing is to praise his nature first, and then his gifts† (195a, p. 28). He then goes on to say that love carries the four cardinal virtues, which are justice, moderation, bravery and wisdom. Agat hon explains that love can never be touched by violence. Those who feel love are not violent. Love faces no injustice. Love is moderate, love has power over its pleasures. Moderation is the ability to have power over your pleasures and passions. Agathon shows love’s wisdom by equating it to love’s poetry. Love is the greatest poet, making it the most successful and wise, says Agathon. He ends his speech by praising eros, taking the reader back to Aristophanes’ views on praising the god of love and desire. Praising eros brings one goodness. It is shared throughout Plato’s entire dialogue that love does make people better. Love creates something to aspire to. That feeling of wholeness will give you happiness. Finding your soulmate helps you to strive to be better. Aristophanes uses the myth of the original humans to display this idea. The world would be a much happier place if humans were reunited with their soulmates. While life is filled with dualities, one that is faced every day is the choice between right and wrong. The Symposium shares that love helps humans with this trial.

Sunday, June 7, 2020

The American Dream Essay (Example Completed in 2020)

The American Dream Essay (Example Completed in 2020) Table of Contents1 Titles2 Topics3 Outline4 Introduction5 Essay Hook6 Thesis Statement7 Body7.1 The History Behind the American Dream7.2 The Modern Day American Dream7.3 Is the American Dream Gone?7.4 The New Immigrants8 Conclusion9 Works Cited Page The American dream is something people in the United States and the world over, have strived for throughout the years. From the first immigrants of Western Europe to the new immigrants of Asia, Africa, and the Americas, many came to this country in pursuit of freedom a chance at upward mobility. This American Dream essay example will focus on the ways Americans have in the past and present, attempted to achieve a life of happiness and fulfilment in the United States. Titles Pursuit of the American Dream To be or not to be: The American Dream A chance at Upward Mobility: The American Dream Topics The Modern Day American Dream Why Do People Pursue the Elusive American Dream? How to resurrect the American Dream The Ideals Behind the American Dream Outline I.   Introduction II.   Body A.   The History Behind the American Dream B.   The Modern Day American Dream C.   Is the American Dream Gone? D.   The New Immigrants III.   Conclusion Lost or Still There, The Pursuit of the American Dream Introduction The American Dream began as a journey from oppressive Great Britain to a new land. Those seeking religious freedom came to North America and formed the thirteen colonies so they may pursue a life filled with happiness and upward mobility. However, not everyone got what they wanted and soon the American Dream became an American Nightmare for some. That didn’t stop however, new immigrants from coming and trying to chase their own version of this time old wish. Essay Hook Although the versions of the American Dream have changed throughout the centuries, people still maintain a strong desire to make it and come to the United States to see what life there can offer. Thesis Statement The past and the present remind Americans what the American Dream consisted and consist of; that is where this will essay will go to understand why such a notion has persisted since the first settlers came to shore. Body The History Behind the American Dream The roots of the American Dream first began when the first British settlers came to North America to form what would be known as the thirteen colonies. They sought freedom from religious persecution in Great Britain (Caldwell, 2011). Some decided to head towards the east coast of North America to practice their beliefs and make money for themselves and their families. It was hard for many that came. They endured hardships and conflicts with the Natives that lived there. Still, a few colonists managed to make life in the colonies profitable and built their homes and businesses accordingly. Some say the American dream has a strong foundation of individualism. â€Å"The American Dream was built on the rough foundation of American individualism, a revolutionary substance unlike anything the world had seen before† (Caldwell, 2011, p. 11). Those that came, did so because they wanted the liberty of being their own person. For the British colonists, they wanted not only a new start, but a new identity, away from the ones they left on the British shores. While the symbolism of the American Dream came from the settlers to what is now the United States, the actual phrase existed centuries later. Stuck Writing Your American Dream Essay? View All Our Example American Dream Essays Have A Custom Example Essay Written The true origin of the phrase was first mentioned in 1931, by a middlebrow historian James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of America. In this book, the phrase appears for the first time in the Preface, when Adams refers to the ‘American dream of a better, richer, and happier life,’ adding that ‘that dream or hope has been present from the start’ (Kochan, 2007, p. 210). To someone like James Truslow Adams, the American Dream meant a strong sense of hope and desire that fueled the long journey to a better life. Many people that have come to the United States had hope in their eyes when they entered through Ellis Island. That hope persisted even when things did not lead to a better, richer, happier life.   Many that crossed the border into America whether legally or illegally has experienced hardships that make them question if the move to this seemingly prosperous nation was a good idea. Even those that were born in the United States with immigrant parents feel as though the United States is not a home, rather a temporary base. Such a sentiment could be for many reasons. The stagnant economy, the multiple recessions could be one reason. The lack of quality and affordable education and healthcare could be another. People coming to this country are experiencing regret because their picture of the American Dream has been shattered.   This leads to w hat the American Dream consists of today. The Modern Day American Dream People who have grown up looking towards America, thinking as adults about achieving the American Dream, have seen an evolution of such a notion throughout the years. Back then, the American Dream signified hope and a life of happiness, a fresh start. In the modern world and especially in the last few decades, the American Dream has taken on the form of materialism and financial security. â€Å"The American Dream is usually defined in terms of financial security, homeownership and higher education† (Currier, 2015). When people think of the American Dream, they think of owning a home. This is because home buying has been part of the American reality for many people in the 1950’s. People could buy homes with relatively little money, and pay off their mortgages in 30 to 40 years. They could buy a car, own it, and have it to pass down to their children. It was comforting to people living in 1950’s America to know that they could afford independence and upward mobility. While it was something that existed in the earlier part of the 20th century, the Great Depression and the World Wars brought tough times and a harsh, economic reality. People did not have a chance to enjoy life, much less try to better themselves for the future of their families and themselves. When the shift towards economic prosperity happened in the 1950’s that was when Americans could take the time to improve themselves and reach towards the goal of upward mobility. That was when several of these Americans began attending college to improve their career prospects. The last part of the modern American Dream, higher education, originated from children of the 1950’s attending and graduating from college. Kids graduated and acquired gainful employment right after graduation, continuing the cycle of stability and upward mobility with their children. This ‘ladder’ shifted the mentality of Americans towards the American Dream, transforming it into a desire to own something and to learn.    People from everywhere saw the United States as part of a golden age where people could make something of themselves if they worked hard. They could gain the home and the education that they wanted. Looking at countries like England where classism was and is intrinsically connected to culture and society, America was the opposite. In many people’s eyes people did not have to come from wealth to be wealthy. Famous businessmen like John D. Rockefeller came from humble beginnings and quickly became one of the richest men of America thanks to hard work and good business acumen (Chernow, 2010).   However, another part of the modern American Dream emerged as well. That is the rags to riches story. The rags to riches story is what many people in the United States who have little money, hope to achieve. Writers like J.K. Rowling, singers like Adele, they grew up impoverished and lived some of their adult life with little chance of upward mobility. But because they were talented and had some good luck, right timing, they managed to overcome their poverty and reach a milestone of success and economic freedom they only imagined. This is what many working-class people in the United States would like to achieve. However, most people from the lower-income bracket barely achieve upward mobility within a generation. With the increasingly unstable economic climate nationally and worldwide, the perceived prospects look grim. â€Å"Recent polling shows that Americans feel increasingly financially insecure, perhaps in part because of this lack of mobility out of the bottom rung of the economic ladder. Its no surprise, then, that for many the American Dream may feel out of reach† (Cur rier, 2015). What does this all mean? It means people have lost hope. Some no longer believe in a fresh start or a chance at a better life because the new version of the American Dream seems unattainable. People have lost their hope for a better life. A lot of it has to do with the continued economic instability of the United States. The United States ‘Golden Era’, the 1950’s, catapulted the American Dream back onto centerstage. However, now that the Golden Era’s dust has settled and blown to the wayside, there is little left for this generation and the next to live from, much less use. This leads to the idea of the American Dream disappearing. When things become difficult to manage and people have no hope left for improvement in their situations, what can belief in the American Dream hope to accomplish? For some, belief simply leads to disappointment and bitter feelings. This was seen after the last few presidencies. Some Americans felt discouraged concerning the future of the country’s job market and decided to take a step towards what they thought would bring true prosperity. Yet true prosperity has evaded but a few million people in the United States. The rest remain in debt, working dead-end jobs, demonstrating the effects of back-to-back recessions. But there still may be hope for the American Dream. The American Dream may seem like it has faded to the wayside. However, it may just exist in a new and evolved form. Is the American Dream Gone? The United States has experienced multiple recessions in the last decade. With the global economy shrinking as well, the once rich and powerful country has begun to seem like a disappointment more than an opportunity. People have noted in recent years, to pursue any form of upward mobility in the United States is to hit a brick wall. That is because jobs do not pay as well or offer as many hours as they used to. Interest rates for savings accounts are near zero, discouraging people from saving. It all leads to a nation of debt filled constant loss and instability. This was not the America from three, four decades ago. People back then could earn enough to save each week and have enough money after a few years or decades, to purchase a home. â€Å"Previously in America, Jim the butcher put a percentage of his weekly earnings into his savings account for a few decades and watched it grow with satisfaction. He could retire in relative comfort with or without supplementation from Social Security† (Carson, 2016). As previously mentioned, the modern American Dream is about owning a home, a car, and graduating from college. Now, this seems like an impossible task for many that live in the United States, especially for recent immigrants. Gone are the days where people can apply for an entry level job right after high school or college. Today’s job market is filled with competition for even low-wage jobs, and the need to multi-task. Those that find work in the United States do so because they are often multi-lingual, own a car, and can work for free at some point. The ones that do not find work, feel their economic prospects shrink as each year passes. People at the top of the economic ladder, pay themselves more and more, and none or very little, is shared with the middle class. In the past, this was not the case. â€Å"Wilson did not get massive grants of stock options, which were taboo in the era when management shared prosperity with middle-class employees† (Smith, 2012, p. 89). So then how do Americans feel now with the economic climate seemingly against them? â€Å"But many Americans say they remain doubtful about economic opportunity and the ability to move up the ladder.   A new poll by The Ne w York Times found the public is more pessimistic than it was right after the financial collapse† (PBS, 2014). If people feel the American Dream is non-existent because of touch economic times, has the American Dream truly died? The answer is not yet. The American Dream has not died because people are still able to make their dreams come true in the United States, just not on a level that is possible for most people. The kind of American Dream that persists even during the difficult economic times is the dream of starting with nothing and becoming rich and successful. A few good examples of this are Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. These entrepreneurs took the risk and had the talent to rise above everyone else and achieve amazing success. That version of the American Dream continues. However, there is another American Dream that has formed in lieu of the traditional one. That is doing better than one’s parents. This can be seen in the new wave of immigrants that come to the United States in search of a better life. The New Immigrants The recent immigrants of today and the last few decades have been Hispanic and Latino people from the Americas. They come to the United States to escape from the dangers and instability of their home country. Often, they come with very, little money or belongings and work difficult jobs to ensure a future for themselves and their loved ones. They may not reach their final aims, but many have provided for their children enough so they could become doctors, lawyers, and even a Supreme Court Justice of the United States. It is still a struggle for these immigrants and their children and many in the United States that see the progress they make, feel it is slow and almost nonexistent. That is because, the modern American Dream is measured by academic and financial success. However, one article notes, the real modern American Dream is about doing better than one’s parents. â€Å"Americans have been measuring the American Dream by the make of your car and the prestige of the college degree on your wall. But there’s a more elemental calculation: Whether you achieved more than the generation that came before you† (Lee, 2014). The children of Hispanic and Latino immigrants are doing better than their parents. They are graduating high school and earning college degrees. It may not be at the level as other immigrants, but they are reaching a point that will lead to their offspring being better off and so forth. The course of the United States has taken many turns and zig zags. Nevertheless, these new immigrants are breathing life back into a country that has been filled with constant disappointment and anger. Even though not all immigrants want to achieve the American Dream, the ones that do, do so keeping in mind the pursuit of a fresh start and a better life. That is reminiscent of the original American Dream, bringing everything, full circle.   What began as a dream for a few British citizens looking for religious freedom, quickly inspired people from all over the world to seek a new start. There were so many that sought to reap from the new land a chance at wealth, stability, upward mobility, and most importantly hope. It may have changed throughout the decades, but the core of the American Dream has always remained. That hope is the underpinning of every immigrant struggle and of every effort made to come to the United States and achieve something meaningful. That is why the American Dream is something that will always live on even after the countries boundaries have faded. Conclusion Many say the American Dream is gone. That is not the case, at least for the new immigrants that come to the United States. What was once the dream of British colonists transformed into the dream of anyone, anywhere who wanted a second chance. So many people across the globe suffer and endure many hardships. They come to the United States in hopes of starting anew and escaping the life of burden they had in their homeland. While many still suffer once they relocate to the U.S., others have achieved a new start, a better life for their themselves and their children. The latest immigrants, Hispanics and Latinos from South, North, and Central America, come to the United States to escape persecution, an unstable government, and lack of employment. The ones that make it in America do so because of hard work, some luck, and a lot of persistence. Such effort is reminiscent of the British colonists of the 17th and 18th centuries. They came from nothing and arrived at a new world, creating what would be the foundation of the American Dream and the country itself. Yes, the American Dream has changed in many ways because people and times have changed. However, that does not mean it has died or it has been forgotten. If anything, it endures and will continue to endure as long as the United States continues to exist. People will always want a chance at upward mobility. The United States is a place that can change someone’s life for the better. Works Cited Page Caldwell,  W.  W. (2011).  Cynicism and the evolution of the American dream. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc. Carson,  B. (2016, March 15). What happened to the American dream? | TheHill. Retrieved from http://thehill.com/opinion/op-ed/272950-what-happened-to-the-american-dream Currier,  E. (2015, January 1). The Numbers Show Rags-to-Riches Happens Only in Movies NYTimes.com. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2015/01/01/is-the-modern-american-dream-attainable/the-numbers-show-rags-to-riches-happens-only-in-movies Kochan,  S. (2007).  The Great Gatsby and the American Dream. Mu?nchen: GRIN Verlag. Lee,  J. (2014, February 25). Don’t Tell Amy Chua: Mexicans Are the Most Successful Immigrants | TIME.com. Retrieved from http://ideas.time.com/2014/02/25/dont-tell-amy-chua-mexicans-are-the-most-successful-immigrants/ PBS. (2014, December 11). Is economic reality wiping out the American dream? | PBS NewsHour. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/economic-reality-wiping-american-dream/ Smith,  H. (2012).  Who stole the American dream?  New York: Random House. The American Dream is synonymous with immigration to the United States and achieving the aim of a better life. Although the image once painted has changed as has the different kinds of immigrants who have come, the same desires, the same ambitions, the same hopes are there. Life’s best moments do not come from everyday routine, but the dreams and the wishes that come true through hard work and determination. This American Dream essay example is just one of many essays provided here to help you make your dreams come true in school and hopefully, in life. View or Download this full document in (.docx) format. --> Open Full Document Open full document and source list OR Order A Custom Written Essay Order a one-of-a-kind custom essay on this topic

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Literary Criticisms of Shakespeare’s Hamlet Essay

This essay will discuss several literary criticisms of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. After skimming through several articles, I ended up with four peer-reviewed journal articles, each a different critical perspectives of the play: feminist, psychoanalytical/freudian, moral, and new historicism. My previous studies of Hamlet, as well as my rereading of the play this semester, has collectively given me a general knowledge of the text. My familiarity of the play made it easier for me to decipher the academic journals and see the connections each critic made with the play. I found it interesting, that after reading Hamlet so many times, that there were connections I never made on my own. For instance, the character Francisco only†¦show more content†¦I enjoyed this moral critique, and, assuming Shakespeare intended for his audience to make the connection, gives me a better understanding of the playwrights own morality. Looking at the play through this moralistic perspective, Cla udius’s actions would be defined as immoral: he violates a general moral principle by killing his brother and then again by taking what belonged to the King and made it his without permission. The murdered king does reappear, however, as a a ghost. The ghost in Hamlet is the subject of many literary critiques; in my research I came across two articles in particular about this topic that caught my interest. In particular, Zimmerman’s article explores Kristeva theory of abjection. The reaction from a threatening breakdown in meaning caused by the loss of the ability to distinguish between subject/self and object/other. The human corpse is one of the most common causes of this reaction because it reminds the living of their own materiality. Upon reading this I was able to relate it to Hamlet as Zimmerman did, â€Å"When the ghost first appears, he comes encased in armor, a portentous figure, a fair and warlike form (1.1.112, 50). What lies behind the armor is of course a corpse: if what makes Hamlet Sr. seem alive is his battle-ready fierceness, then what makes him an illusion is the mystery within. no/thing, an apprehensible outside enclosing andShow MoreRelatedExamples Of Revenge Tragedy In Hamlet1033 Words   |  5 PagesA lot of Shakespeare’s plays allude to revenge and revenge tragedy. Revenge tragedy is seeking revenge for wrongdoings done against someone in a literary work. Usually, the person seeking this revenge is the protagonist and the plot is usually developed throughout their journey to get their rightful revenge. Revenge tragedy is also the central conflict within a literary work. In the play, Hamlet,Young Fortinbras, and Laertes are all examples of revenge tragedy. Hamlet ironically isn’t a person thatRead MoreHamlet: a Feminist Approach Essay examples1224 Words   |  5 PagesHamlet: A Feminist Approach Sexism: the belief or attitude that one sex is inherently superior to, more competent than, or more valuable than the other (most commonly used for male superiority). This idea that women are weak is not a new one in the modern world. It has been studied for countless years along with the concept of a patriarchal society. A patriarchy is defined as a system of society or government in which men hold the power and women are largely excluded from it. Such systems currentlyRead MoreHamlet As Seen Through The Feminist Critical Lens1481 Words   |  6 PagesHamlet As Seen Through the Feminist Critical Lens As stated by Tim Gillespie in his text Doing Literary Criticism, the concept of literary criticism is the field of â€Å"interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating† literary works. 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TheRead More William Shakespeares Hamlet Essay1277 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Hamlet Hamlet has been praised and revered for centuries as one of William Shakespeares best known and most popular tragedies. Based on its popularity, critics alike have taken various viewpoints and theories in order to explain Hamlets actions throughout the play. The psychoanalytic point of view is one of the most famous positions taken on Hamlet.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Psychoanalytic criticism is a type of literary criticism that analyzes and classifies many of the forms ofRead MoreThe Resisting Reader, By Judith Fetterley1391 Words   |  6 Pages In her book, â€Å"The Resisting Reader,† Judith Fetterley says of feminist criticism, â€Å"At its best, feminist criticism is a political act whose aim is not simply to interpret the world but to change it by changing the consciousness of those who read and their relation to what they read† (Fetterley viii). 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Shakespeare portraysRead MoreImpossibility of Certainty in Hamlet1296 Words   |  6 PagesThe Impossibility of Certainty in Hamlet â€Å"Doubt is that state of mind where the questioner faces no single answer nor the lack of one, but rather a choice between a pair of alternatives.† – Harry Levin in The Question of Hamlet It is appropriate that William Shakespeare’s Hamlet is regarded as the Bard’s greatest dramatic enigma, for misunderstanding is the unavoidable condition of Hamlet’s quest for certainties. Not only is Hamlet bewildered by puzzling visions and by commands seeminglyRead MoreAnalysis Of William Shakespeare s Macbeth 1149 Words   |  5 Pagesand bailiff, Shakespeare is believed to have attended King’s New School because his father held an official position. Shakespeare did not receive any higher level education, however. Hardly anything else is known of the young William Shakespeare’s childhood. Shakespeare’s timeline then jumps ahead to November 28, 1852 when he married Anne Hathaway to legitimize Hathaway’s pregnancy. Their first daughter Susanna was born shortly after the marriage. She was shortly followed by the twins Judith and Hamnet

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

General Characteristics of Battered Woman Syndrome

Battered Woman Syndrome An estimated 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year. A surfacing psychological condition known as Battered Woman Syndrome (BWS), develops after experiencing physical and emotional abuse over an extended period of time. BWS has been subcategorized as a form of post-traumatic stress disorder, proving that it is indeed, a very serious and severe condition. Battered Woman Syndrome causes severe, emotional and psychological trauma in women after prolonged abuse in an intimate relationship; the number of Battered Woman cases in America is rising each year and it is necessary that more attention be brought to its significance as well as the victims being effected. More†¦show more content†¦Women stay because sometimes, they have nowhere left to go. She stays because she believes that maybe, the man she once loved will stop the abuse. Women stay in these abusive relationships because they are trapped and they are helpless. The question is not why do these women stay, but why do these men feel the obligation and audacity to batter them. Even when the cycle of abuse seems endless, however, there are ways to help and treat a victim of domestic violence or more so, a battered woman. First of all, safety must be established. For a battered woman, even hinting towards divorce or a break-up with the batterer can be the most unsafe time. Secondly, a treatment plan and or trauma therapy should be considered to ensure a safe recovery for the victim of abuse. Therapy can be a very powerful tool in helping victims heal after abuse. The therapy addresses the fear and guilt that the victim feels as well as helping to mend difficult relationships and unhealthy behaviors that develop. Trauma therapy helps a victim move pass her abusive experiences and helps her understand that the psychological effects of the abuse are normal and can, very well, be treated. 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Annotated Bibliography On The Magic Behind The Mirror

Daniella Hovav Mrs. Miller Science Sep.24 2017 Annotated Bibliography The Magic Behind The Mirror Most people believe that when you look at a mirror, you only see your reflection. But if that s true, how can you see through an infinity mirror? Does it need to be dark for this illusion to appear? How can you tell when a mirror is reflective or transmissive? All of these things need to be in mind when creating this illusion. Here is all the science behind this mirror, including the Droste Effect, and how mirrors work, and even the history of mirrors, which can be dated all the way back when people discovered their reflection in ponds and lakes. Nowadays, mirrors are works of art, illusions, and objects used in houses and sculptures.†¦show more content†¦The Droste Effect came from a Dutch cocoa company, called Droste. On the box of the coca powder, there was a lady holding a tray with a box of Droste, and in that box there was another picture of a lady with a box of Droste, and so on. People soon discovered this ‘picture in a picture’ idea and started to make it popular. In the 1950s, artists started to use this effect for paintings, and spirals. Soon after people discovered that you could take two mirrors and see the image depicted on it go in a tunnel forever†¦(Or until enough light escapes that you can’t see any more reflections). But how can you know when a mirror is transmissive or reflective? Some mirrors may be more transmissive than another, while some may be more reflective. You use 2 types of mirrors when making an infinity mirror. If you used 2 regular completely reflective mirrors, you would not be able to see through! But if you used one regular mirror in the back and a piece of glass in the front, you would see an ordinary cardboard box with some LED lights inside. So how do you make this work? You use mirrors with different reflectivity. The mirror in the back is a regular mirror, while the mirror to the right of the box is a one-way mirror. This means it is half reflective and half transmissive. This way, you create the Droste effect when you look through the box of the infinity mirror. The infinity mirror will look like aShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of the Opening Theme of Desperate Housewives5479 Words   |  22 Pages Aged Woman 14 4 Conclusion 16 5 Appendix 5.1 Bibliography 17 5.2 Images 18 1 IntroductionRead MoreEssay on The Role of Women in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight5387 Words   |  22 Pagestraditional female archetypes of courtly love, disobedience, lust and death) the Gawain poet points out the conflict between courtly love and spiritual love which he, and other critics of the time, felt had drastically weakened the religious values behind chivalry. As such, the poem is a warning to its Aristocratic readers that the traditional religious values underlying the feudal system must be upheld in order to avert destruction of their way of life. It is easy to read _Sir Gawain and the GreenRead MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words   |  53 Pages[ancient Rome; 50 BCE to 500 CE] 31 The Middle Ages [500 to 1500 CE] 31 The European Renaissance [1500-1650 CE] 32 The 17th Century 34 The 18th and Early 19th Centuries 35 The Victorians: The Golden Age 36 Twentieth Century: Widening Worlds 38 9. Bibliography 38 1. Introduction In 1817 Robert Bloomfield, author of The History of Little Davy’s New Hat, wrote: ‘The longer I live †¦ the more I am convinced of the importance of children’s books.’ That similar statements are still being made two hundredRead MoreA Critical Review of â€Å"the Ambiguities of Football, Politics, Culture, and Social Transformation in Latin America† by Tamir Bar-on.14147 Words   |  57 Pagesthese teams and clubs are suffering from extreme lack of funds, exposure and leagues to compete in. Bar-On also provides a powerful example when he refers to Paraguay’s ban on women playing soccer, which was in effect until 1979. The reasoning behind that law was that playing soccer was â€Å"contrary to their natural femininity† (Bar-On:1997:2.2). †¢ Conclusion: The author concludes that â€Å"the dominant orientation of Latin American football, especially at the professional level, has beenRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 Pagesanalyzing the way in which the organization is operating and then feeding information back into the planning process so that the organization has a way of continually examining and correcting its goals in light of current information. Controlling is the mirror image of planning. In planning, managers establish where the organization is going, and in controlling, they decide whether they are on target to reach these goals. If planning allows an organization to decide where it is going, controlling allows

Impact of Effective Communication on Business-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Various aspects of effective business communication and its impact on the business functioning with ease and effectiveness. Answer: Introduction The report is prepared to discuss the various aspects of effective business communication and its impact on the business functioning with ease and effectiveness. The two business organisations considered here as the case study are Woolworths and Aldi in Australia. There are different types of communication followed by these two organisations and so the best communication method and the least effective communication practice will be illustrated here in details. It will also evaluate how the communication type proved to be effective for one organisation while it may not be the right approach for another company. Providing a detailed analysis of the positives and negatives of the two most important communication techniques and its impacts is one of the main reasons of developing this report as well (Guffey Loewy, 2012). Discussions Basic principles of effective communication within organisations To enable the perfect communication within the business organisations, it is important to identify the various principles of effective communication including the clarity of messages, adequacy, attention, timing, integrity, its strategic use, interest and acceptance, balance between uniformity and adaptability and selection of proper communication channel too (Robles, 2012). Clarity To make sure that the communication process is noteworthy, it is important to understand the purpose of communication at first. The business communication could be successful as well as experience clarity when the receiver could understand the messages and information that would be transmitted. The sender must send the messages and information in such a manner so that the receiver could understand it and the communication process should also be clear, simple and possess easy language. Adequacy The main purpose of communication process is to manage optimum flow of information, which can not only benefit the two companies, i.e., Woolworths and Aldi, but can also allow the organisations to establish trust and sense of loyalty among the customers through interaction with them (Dainton Zelley, 2017). The messages must be adequate so that it could ensure proper flow and create convenience while being transferred from the sender to the receiver. Attention through understandable and meaningful message The delivered messages and information should be possessing right information and provide a clear meaning through its content, so that it could create attention among the receiver and ensure that they know the purpose of obtaining the information. Thus, the attention of the receiver and his ability to read to understand the message should be vital for establishing good communication. Both the supermarket chains have promoted their products by creating good messages and information and posted those on social media platforms so that customers can gain clear knowledge about the kinds of products that they want to purchase (Chen, Chiang Storey, 2012). Timing Time is an essential factor that contributes to the successful management of business communication. The effectiveness of a message depends upon the time taken to deliver and receive the message. It is also important that the business organisations take time to compile proper information and data consisting of diversified and complex contents and then make sure to deliver the right message on time to influence the consumers buying behaviours. Integrity and strategic use The individuals associated with the centres of communication should be focused on as well. It is often seen that the top-level managers forget to communicate messages to the middle level or line managers and rather try to communicate with the employees directly. Though it is an effective way to keep the staffs motivated within the workplace, still the line managers can feel ignored and not being able to gain the respect and position that they currently hold within the organisation (Conrad Poole, 2012). Thus, communication could be successful only when it happens from top to bottom with every stage passed through. When the information and messages during communication process are not enough, then strategically using the information obtained could be beneficial for making these organisations create sustainable place in the market. Two-way communication is needed for the companies to ensure that the messages are delivered properly and the business requirements are met (Sigmar et al., 2012). Description of the businesses Woolworths and Aldi both are major retail companies situated in Australia that deliver good quality products and services all over Australia and in other places worldwide too. Both these two companies focus on communication to promote a good culture, better teamwork and coordination within the organisation as well as understand the needs and requirements of clients to keep them satisfied. Woolworths is one of major supermarket and grocery store chain in Australia that holds 80 percent of the Australian market with an estimated revenue of more than 42.13 billion AUD. Aldi is a common brand that manages two of the leading discount supermarket chains with more than 10000 stores worldwide. It has a combined turnover of more than 50 billion and holds over 104,000 employees (Conrad Newberry, 2012). Comparing the nature of communications The business organisation Woolworths follows the verbal communication mostly to exchange messages and information face to face and discuss about the important business aspects. It is also seen that enabling verbal communication facilitates the information sharing and exchange efficiency as well as allowed the top level managers to consult with the employees while making decisions. The verbal communication styles followed by the company include meetings, presentations and lectures and conversations done through telephone usage or video conversations too. Meetings allowed the top-level managers of Woolworths to meet the middle level managers and the staffs to obtain their opinions and feedbacks regarding the business function and identify the areas which need improvements (Levin Nolan, 2014). The brainstorming sessions are managed as well to enable changes and furthermore evaluate the current market conditions based on which, the products can be delivered and new products shall be int roduced. The company authorities manage the meetings every month where every participant can get a chance to speak without monopolising the agenda. The company interacts with the managers and gain their feedbacks regarding the products delivered by the company through telephonic conversations. In case of any queries the customers services department provide relevant solutions to the customers and maintained a positive relationship with them, which further helped in influencing their buying behaviours (Oradee, 2012). Verbal communication styles also allowed the company managers to interact with the employees and understand their needs for development, based on which, necessary training sessions were provided to them. This could lift their morale, enhance their skills, knowledge, and keep them motivated an encouraged to perform with dedication and commitment (Agnola Cofaru, 2014). On the other hand, Aldi proposed the role playing activities as major forms of communication. The company is more focused on teamwork and so to handle different critical situations with ease. Here a particular scenario is formed where individuals play different roles and this is how their works and approaches are evaluated regarding how they respond to the different approaches and situations, furthermore remain counterproductive. This would also help in understanding what people think and how they might feel in such situations. It is an effective communication approach to develop experience, skills and self-confidence among the individuals and allow them to handle critical situations through preparation made by acting in similar kind of situation. With situations, evolving from time to time, mistakes and errors would be overcome and this would strengthen the brainstorming sessions, furthermore promote effective coordination and teamwork (Setiawan, Abadi Rahman, 2013). Types of communication Woolworths considered the verbal communication effective because it allowed the company to maintain good relationships with its customers by interacting them online and at the same time enable proper communication between the staffs within the workplace. Meetings were held and video conferences with the use of internet further helped the employees working within the organisation to communicate with each other and discuss about the business related tasks (Dias, 2016). The top-level managers communicated accurate messages and information to the line managers through meetings, which were later communicated to the staffs through telephonic or online conversations and chat messages (woolworths.com.au, 2018). This form of communication is less time consuming and both the sender and receiver can be engaged easily, which has further maintained the clarity and consistency of messages that are delivered (woolworths.com.au, 2018). Another verbal communication style that might not be the most effective for Woolworths could be the workshops. Here instructions are provided to the teams to develop their skills and experiences and even the leaders can provide proper information about a certain business scenarios to the staffs. Woolworths was experiencing lack of communication and so the leaders were not much active to deliver messages and information to the employees directly. This could have hindered the proper accomplishment of researches undertaken to focus on the business issues and furthermore might have created difficulties to solve problems and negotiate solutions as well (Guffey Loewy, 2012). Due to lack of proper instructions gained by the staffs, the company failed to respond to queries by the customers on online platforms, which could have even deteriorated the brand reputation. The role-playing communication was though considered as effective by Aldi because the staffs were allowed to take part in real world situations and made sure that their skills and knowledge level improve. One of the major purpose of such communication is to keep the staffs informed, engaged and motivated all throughout to perform with effectiveness. The supermarket chain has emphasised on this internal communication style. The employees and staffs took part in role playing sessions based on real business scenarios about how to target the major audience group (Aldi.com.au, 2018). This was done through discussions, which shed limelight on various areas including editorial focus, social media assets, web creativity and even promotions through televisions and advertisements for engaging more customers with the brand with ease and effectiveness. As the staffs became informed about knowledgeable about the ways of targeting different market segments, they focused on enhancing the marketing awareness through introduction of digital billboards and other social media promotional campaigns to ensure that the messages and information about the new products introduced can be delivered to the customers (Robles, 2012). Aldi possesses a good organisational structure and culture, because of which, meetings and face-to-face conversations are not much of use, because most of the staffs were quite friendly and communicated among each other properly. Training programs were arranged as well for enhancing the self competency and communication skills, because of which, they had been quite skilled and knowledgeable to handle critical situations with ease (Chen, Chiang Storey, 2012). Impact of communication The verbal communication styles adopted at Woolworths have created a huge positive impact on the organisations through cost savings, time saving as well as obtaining immediate feedbacks and responses from the clients regarding any queries and delivering appropriate solutions too. Consumers complained about inappropriate customers services previously, due to which, oral communication could be managed by managing telephonic conversations and even communicating with them in social media platforms for assisting them to overcome any issues faced. The employees also could communicate with each other quite easily and this promoted favourable relationships between the two parties with ease and efficiency too (Conrad Poole, 2012). This also allowed the managers to communicate with the employees face to face, which further kept them motivated an encouraged to perform better. The verbal communication at Woolworths has affected the business sometimes due to lack of secrecy, which resulted in no legal validation and created misunderstandings among people within the workplace. At Aldi, role-playing was adopted as useful form of communication because it developed higher level of engagement with the issues and knowledge and improved the skills of staffs too. The role playing activities also helped in proper assessment and flow of information , which further created more opportunities to adapt to real world business scenarios and ensure successful growth and growth of own self and organisation too. It is has allowed the staffs of Aldi to understand the requirements of customers by getting opportunities to practice in a safer environment where any mistakes will not lead to real world consequences (Aldi.com.au, 2018). Not everyone has the ability to judge how the roles should be played, because of which the communication process could deteriorate. It can take lot of time to make decisions and even get difficult to adapt to the situation quickly. Conclusion From the report, it could be analysed and interpreted that the two companies in Australia followed different communication styles, which possessed both positives and few drawbacks too. Though Woolworths followed the verbal communication to remain connected with the customers and even promoted teamwork within the workplace, there were few areas that still needed improvements. The customers services lacked certain improvements, because of which, the communication with the customers was not up to the mark. Aldi followed the role-playing in training strategy to understand each others skills and facilitate the communication process. However, it was sometimes difficult to predict the real world scenarios, which even created difficulties to understand the preferences of the customers due to inaccurate flow and exchange of information and messages. It is recommended to improve the core areas and maintain the principles properly for both these two companies and ensure that close relationships are managed with both the clients and within the workplace. References Agnola, L., Cofaru, I. I. (2014). Electronic Infrastructure Aimed At Improving Comunication And Education For Business And Academia. InBalkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education(Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 171-174). De Gruyter Open. Aldi.com.au. (2018). Aldi.com.au. Retrieved 13 February 2018, from https://www.aldi.com.au/ Chen, H., Chiang, R. H., Storey, V. C. (2012). Business intelligence and analytics: from big data to big impact.MIS quarterly, 1165-1188. Conrad, C., Poole, M. S. (2012).Strategic organizational communication: In a global economy. John Wiley Sons. Conrad, D., Newberry, R. (2012). Identification and instruction of important business communication skills for graduate business education.Journal of Education for Business,87(2), 112-120. Dainton, M., Zelley, E. D. (2017).Applying communication theory for professional life: A practical introduction. Sage publications. Guffey, M. E., Loewy, D. (2012).Essentials of business communication. Cengage Learning. Iheanacho, N. N. (2016). From Culture to Intercultural Comunication.Intercultural Communication and Public Policy, 1. Levin, J., Nolan, J. F. (2014).Principles of classroom management: A professional decision-making model. Pearson. One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. Oradee, T. (2012). Developing speaking skills using three communicative activities (discussion, problem-solving, and role-playing).International Journal of Social Science and Humanity,2(6), 533. Robles, M. M. (2012). Executive perceptions of the top 10 soft skills needed in todays workplace.Business Communication Quarterly,75(4), 453-465. Setiawan, A., Abadi, I., Rahman, S. A. (2013). Implementation of Digital Signage for Digital Comunication Media.ISICO 2013,2013. Sigmar, L. S., Hynes, G. E., Hill, K. L. (2012). Strategies for teaching social and emotional intelligence in business communication.Business Communication Quarterly,75(3), 301-317. woolworths.com.au. (2018). Woolworths.com.au. Retrieved 13 February 2018, from https://www.woolworths.com.au/